Sequoia Sempervirens : Redwood

August 15, 2013 - Humboldt County, Redwoods in the wild!

August 15, 2011 – Humboldt County, Redwoods in the wild!

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August 5, 2013 – A gift of a redwood.

Sequoia sempervirens is the sole living species of the genus Sequoia in the cypress family Cupressaceae. Common names include coast redwood, California redwood, and giant redwood. It is an evergreen, long-lived, monoecious tree living 1200–1800 years or more. This species includes the tallest trees living now on Earth, reaching up to 379 feet (115.5 m) in height (without the roots) and up to 26 feet (7.9 m) in diameter at breast height. Before commercial logging and clearing began by the 1850s,

August 5,2013 - Redwood seedling planted in a cut bottle.

August 5,2013 – Redwood seedling planted in a cut bottle.

 this massive tree occurred naturally in an estimated 2,100,000 acres (8,500 km2) along much of coastal California (excluding southern California where rainfall is not sufficient) and the southwestern corner of coastal Oregon within the United States. An estimated 95% or more of the original old-growth redwood forest has been cut down, due to its excellent properties for use as lumber in construction.

The name sequoia sometimes refers to the subfamily Sequoioideae, which includes S. sempervirens along with Sequoiadendron (giant sequoia) and Metasequoia (dawn redwood). On its own, the term redwood usually refers to the coast redwood, and not to the other two species. *http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequoia_sempervirens

20130905_180328

September 5, 2013 – seedling with moss growing in a 2 liter plastic bottle with the top cut off.

  • Kingdom: Plantae – Plants
  • Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
  • Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
  • Division: Coniferophyta – Conifers Class Pinopsida
  • Order: Pinales Family Cupressaceae – Cypress family
  • Genus: Sequoia Endl. – redwood
  • Species: Sequoia sempervirens (Lamb. ex D. Don) Endl. – redwood

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Summary

  • Duration: Perennial
  • Growth Habit: Tree
  • Native Status: L48 (N)
  • Federal T/E Status:
  • National Wetland Indicator:

Morphology/Physiology

  • Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer
  • After Harvest Regrowth Rate:
  • Bloat: None
  • C:N Ratio: High
  • Coppice Potential: Yes
  • Fall Conspicuous: No
  • Fire Resistant: Yes
  • Flower Color: Yellow
  • Flower Conspicuous: No
  • Foliage Color: Green
  • Foliage Porosity Summer: Dense
  • Foliage Porosity Winter: Dense
  • Foliage Texture: Medium
  • Fruit/Seed Color: Brown
  • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: Yes
  • Growth Form: Single Stem
  • Growth Rate: Rapid
  • Height at 20 Years, Maximum (feet): 60
  • Height, Mature (feet): 250.0
  • Known Allelopath: No
  • Leaf Retention: Yes
  • Lifespan: Long
  • Low Growing Grass: No
  • Nitrogen Fixation: None
  • Resprout Ability: Yes
  • Shape and Orientation: Erect
  • Toxicity: None

Growth Requirements

  • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes
  • Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: No
  • Adapted to Medium Textured Soils: Yes
  • Anaerobic Tolerance: None
  • CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
  • Cold Stratification Required: No
  • Drought Tolerance: Low
  • Fertility Requirement: Low
  • Fire Tolerance: Low
  • Frost Free Days, Minimum: 180
  • Hedge Tolerance: None
  • Moisture Use: Medium
  • pH, Minimum: 5.0
  • pH, Maximum: 7.0
  • Planting Density per Acre, Minimum: 400
  • Planting Density per Acre, Maximum: 800
  • Precipitation, Minimum: 20
  • Precipitation, Maximum: 200
  • Root Depth, Minimum (inches): 40
  • Salinity Tolerance: None
  • Shade Tolerance: Tolerant
  • Temperature, Minimum (°F): 7

Reproduction

  • Bloom Period: Fall
  • Commercial Availability: Routinely Available
  • Fruit/Seed Abundance: High
  • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Spring
  • Fruit/Seed Period End: Fall
  • Fruit/Seed Persistence :Yes
  • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes
  • Propagated by Bulb: No
  • Propagated by Container: Yes
  • Propagated by Corm: No
  • Propagated by Cuttings: Yes
  • Propagated by Seed: Yes
  • Propagated by Sod: No
  • Propagated by Sprigs: No
  • Propagated by Tubers: No
  • Seed per Pound: 95200
  • Seed Spread Rate: Slow
  • Seedling Vigor: High
  • Small Grain: No
  • Vegetative Spread Rate: None

Suitability/Use

  • Berry/Nut/Seed Product: No
  • Christmas Tree Product: No
  • Fodder Product: No
  • Fuelwood Product: Medium
  • Lumber Product: Yes
  • Naval Store Product: No
  • Nursery Stock Product: Yes
  • Palatable Browse Animal: Low
  • Palatable Graze Animal: Low
  • Palatable Human: No
  • Post Product: Yes
  • Protein Potential:
  • Pulpwood Product: Yes
  • Veneer Product: Yes

The above data came from a webpage, but I neglected to note it.

The pictures are of the tree I currently have growing on my deck.

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